What is Law?
Law is commonly defined as the structure of rules and regulations created and enforced through governmental and social institutions in an attempt to regulate the conduct of individuals. There are various types of law. They include civil law, criminal law, constitutional law, administrative law, international law, among others. However, the primary branches of law in modern legal systems are the civil and criminal laws. Also, there are various functions as well as purposes of the law.
Civil law is a significant constituent of private law and embodies rules that are relevant to obligations, property, family, and individuals. This branch of law is dependent on the competence of the confederation and applies, to all individuals, indiscriminately. Civil law is the overall determinant of the consequences of the facts and actions of an individual together with the individual’s legal situation. The various kinds of law under this branch of law include property law, matrimonial regimes, right to filiation, and family law. On the other hand, criminal law is the branch of law that ensures that violations of social orders are repressed through penalties. These penalties may be in the form of fines, imprisonment, or in severe cases, death. This branch of law defines offenses and the conditions of the application of the penalties. There are two types of criminal law, common criminal law, and special criminal law. Common criminal law is applicable to all offenders and is applied by ordinary courts, while special criminal law is only entrusted to special courts.
Among the functions of law is ensuring social control. Law seeks to control the different behaviors, interests, and social values possessed by different members of society. Also, the law is essential for dispute settlement. It is the role of the low to settle justiciable disagreements either in court or outside of court through the different mechanisms of settling disputes. Law is also vital in ensuring social change in society. Law, in society, enables individuals to have directed, planned, and purposive change.
On the other hand, establishing standards is one of the purposes of the law. Law provides guidance on the minimum levels of behavior acceptable to society. Maintaining order is also a purpose of the law. Law ensures some semblance of order, which is vital for the continuity of any society. Finally, the law serves the purpose of protecting the rights and liberties of individuals. These rights and liberties are provided by constitutions and statutes.
In conclusion, the law mainly exists to synchronize the conduct of members of society. Law has several branches, with the main ones, according to modern legal systems, being civil and criminal law. These laws, which are provided by constitutions and statutes, serve various functions and purposes.
Abate, T. (2012). FUNCTIONS OF LAW. Retrieved 18 May 2020, from https://www.abyssinialaw.com/online-resources/study-on-line/item/480-functions-of-law
The different branches of law. (2020). Retrieved 18 May 2020, from https://baripedia.org/wiki/The_different_branches_of_law