What is Justice
Justice refers to actions that are in conformity with certain requirements of law. Justice involves both the philosophical discussions and the attainment of that which is just. There are various types, as well as principles of justice.
Among the types of justice is distributive justice. Distributive justice is familiarly known as economic justice. This type of justice entails the level of fairness attained from individuals, which focuses both on the goods and attention received by people. The basis of distributive law roots itself on the ideology of socialism in which the most fundamental principle is equality. Most of the time, people find themselves seeking what they think is entitled to them first if they do not feel they are getting a fair share of something. Procedural justice is another type of justice. The idea of the fair play portrays the principle of fairness in this type of justice. In procedural justice, people tend to conform with an imbalance of what they receive compared to others as long as a fair process has been used. If not, individuals may then seek other forms of justice. Another type of justice is restorative justice. Restorative justice involves measures of restituting things as they should be by a betrayer to an individual. These measures may include a straightforward apology or acts of contrition, such as extra payments, by the offending party. This type of justice is also referred to as corrective justice. The last kind of justice is retributive justice. The principle that guides this form of justice is punishment. However, the debate on the constituents of a fair and proportional punishment still exists.
On the other hand, there are various principles of justice. These principles subscribe to the notion that fair treatment involves giving individuals what they deserve. They include equity, equality, and need. The principle of equity ensures that unfairness resulting from unequal access to economic power and resources is overcome. Contrarily, the principle of equality basis its argument on the idea that fairness is only attained in the distribution of benefits and burdens is equal amongst all individuals. On the other hand, the principle of need suggests that individuals strive to achieve an equal outcome whereby individuals in society get what they need.
In conclusion, justice and the law go hand in hand. The various types of justice include distributive, procedural, restorative, and retributive justice. The principles of justice, on the other hand, include equity, equality, and need.
Maiese, M. (2017). Principles of Justice and Fairness. Retrieved 18 May 2020, from https://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/principles_of_justice
Wagstaff, G. (1994). Equity, equality, and need: Three principles of justice or one? An analysis of “equity as desert”. Current Psychology, 13(2), 138-152. doi: 10.1007/bf02686797