Statutory law is written law that has been developed and enacted by the legislature. A statue is a written statement that defines the actions and decisions by the court regarding a specific issue. A statute may prohibit a particular act, set the direction to be taken, make a declaration, or provide various governmental mechanisms to be employed in a specific situation. For instance, an enacted statement stating that a dog owner will be held accountable for any injury inflicted by their dog to a civilian if they were aware of their dog’s propensity to bite becomes a statue. A set of statutes make up statutory law and are legally binding to all citizens of that state.
Legislation of Statutory Law
The legislature is mandated with the role of creating and enacting statutory law. In the United States, federal statutory laws are created and enacted by the U.S Congress. The first step is the introduction of a bill to the House of Representatives and before the senate as public law. The proposed bill is then reviewed by a special committee where it goes through hearings and debates. Reviewing the statues helps in analyzing every aspect of the statue to ensure that the final law is valid and acceptable to the public. The committee then votes regarding the issue, and if it is approved, it is presented to the president who can either approve or disapprove. The bill only becomes law when the president passes it. These statues can either be public or private law. Public law concerns the general public, while private law relates to specific individuals and organizations.
The legislative process is similar at the local and state levels. This includes the proposal of a bill, evaluation by a committee, hearings and debates, approval through voting, and finally passed to an executive branch, which is the president at the federal level and the governor at the state level. However, the U.S constitution has supremacy over all the state laws. This means that all the laws passed at the federal and state level cannot violate constitutional laws. The benefit of statutory law is that it exists in written form and can be easily accessed in the local law library or simply on the internet.
Statues are not static or irreversible. They can be altered or revoked by the same body that enacted it. If the president or the governor disapproves, the bill is sent back to the legislature for amendment. Some statutes can also lapse or terminate after some time if they are not re-approved by the legislature.