Title: Is Cloning Ethical?
Cloning is the process used to produce genetically identical copies from an original biological entity (Gunjan 14). Cloning has been performed in animals in the recent past and the resulting copy has the same genetic makeup as the original entity and it is referred to as a clone. Cloning can be done using tissues, organs or cells of an organism but researchers have cloned a whole organism like the sheep. However, cloning can occur naturally with organisms such as bacteria that produce genetically identical offsprings in a process called asexual reproduction. There are three types of artificial cloning namely the gene cloning, reproductive and therapeutic cloning which are done for different purposes. An example of reproductive cloning was the cloning was the sheep dolly. Different scientists have written on animal cloning and there have been a number of similarities in their work. All of them have looked at cloning from the perspective of those who are against and those that are for cloning as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the same.
In the recent past, there has been a heated debated on the effects of cloning. There have arisen two groups of people with some being for cloning while others are against the practice. Those who are against cloning have argued that there may be the risk of health from the mutation of genes (Pence and Gregory 5). This is because there has been the worry of the cells that have been acquired from an adult may continue growing from the age that they were cloned at. There may also be the development of strange abnormalities o the health of the cloned animal at an age that such abnormalities may not have been experienced in the normal birth. An example of this is the death of the dolly in the year 2003 due to complicated lung disease and also arthritis yet it was very young. The same people who are against the practice argue that there might be the risk of emotions as the child may grow knowing that the mother is its sister and the father is the brother-in-law and its grandmother as its mother. This is because when the child looks at its mother he or she sees herself growing. Whenever a father sees a clone of his wife growing old as the exact replica of the lady he fell in love some years ago, there may develop some sexual attraction towards the twin of his wife since there was no incest that was involved technically. On the other hand, those that are for cloning have argued that the endangered species could be saved through cloning. This will lead to the preserving of animals that may become extinct in the near future. Also, cloning animals and plants would lead to life-saving medications.
Cloning has a number of advantages and disadvantages like other aspects of life. On the side of its advantages, cloning helps in the production of new plants and animals that are identical and have all the desired characteristics (Sambrook et al. 2). Also, those animals and plants that are slow in breeding normally can be reproduced in a faster way. This is because some plants don’t produce seeds and if they do, they are dominant for long periods.
On the side of disadvantages, there are a variety of limitations on this practice with the first one being the risk of having all clones susceptible of a disease in case one of the clones is susceptible to a disease (John Knox 4). The other disadvantage of cloning is that it may lead to less variation and minimized the opportunity to create new varieties of animals and plants in the future.
The disagreement on the practice of the world has made its practice become difficult and also hindered the advancement in biotechnology. The debate on which side to take has also made it hard for the World Health Organization and other bodies to fund the research on cloning. This compromise and criticism of cloning are not desirable since the practice requires adequate funding since it has a number of advantages since those endangered species in the world can be preserved. Therefore, this biotechnology advancement should be encouraged and supported both technologically and financially because nobody will be forced to practice it but it will be practiced to the willing ones only.
Gunjan, S K. Clonning and Characterization of Terpenoid Pathway Genes. , 2003. Print.
Human Clonning : Religious Responses. Louiseville (KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1997. Print.
Pence, Gregory E. Cloning After Dolly: Who’s Still Afraid?Lanham [u.a.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2004.
Sambrook, J, J Sambrook, and D W. Russell. Molecular Clonning. New York: Cold Spring, 2001. Print.