International law is also commonly referred to as the law of nations and public international law. These laws are a set of standards, norms, and rules that are readily accepted in relations between countries.
Sources of International Law
There are various sources of international law. They include arbitration, due process and recognition of foreign judgements, and judicial decisions in international tribunals. Also, the general principles of law, customs, treaties, and conventions serve as sources of international law.
Types of International Law
• Public International Law: This type of international law focuses on persons and nations that may be impacted by the laws. There are various aspects of international law. They include legal codes, globally accepted standards, and customary public international law.
• Private International Law: Private International law, contrarily, focuses on conflicts between individuals as opposed to conflicts between states. It outlines the jurisdiction that has the power to determine a legal dispute and the most appropriate jurisdiction’s laws to be used in the situation.
• Supranational Law: These laws are used in cases where nations give in their right to make particular judicial decisions. Supranational law courts’ decisions are of more priority than national courts decisions. The law represented by the European Union is an example of supranational law.
• International Criminal Law: international criminal law aims at punishing individuals who commit severe crimes that end up implicating large groups of people. Crimes of aggression, war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity ate examples of crimes that are subject to international criminal law.
Branches of International Law
• Jus gentium: Although this branch is not a legal code or a statute, the laws contained in it are acceptable to govern the relations between various countries.
• Jus inter gentes: It refers to the class of agreements and treaties that have a mutual acceptance rate between countries.
Principles of International Law
There are various principles of international law. They include the prohibition of acquisition of territory by force, limitations on the use of force against other countries, and the promotion of human rights. Although there exist other principles, these three are the most important.
Significance of International Law in International Relations
• International law as a source of order in international relations: The codification and development of international law have strengthened international relations amongst nations.
• Diplomacy operationalization based on international law: international law is essential in the actual conduct of relations between nations.
• International law as a legal basis for international relations: The legal aspects of relations among nations are constituted by international law.
• Different nations maintain the conduct of their relations with regard to the rules and regulations of international law.
International Law and International Relations. Retrieved 22 May 2020, from http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/law/international-law-and-international-relations/48484
Principles of Public International Law – Diakonia. Retrieved 22 May 2020, from https://www.diakonia.se/en/IHL/The-Law/International-Law1/Principles/