Differences between the Democratic and Republican Parties in the US

Differences between the Democratic and Republican Parties in the US

The United States of America has two main parties that have different philosophies and ideologies. The two political parties are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. Politics of these world superpower have been an interest to many people in their recent elections. Most individuals in the world who have interests in the politics of the US have had it hard to know the best political party to support but learning more about these parties can make this decision easier for prospective supporters. Although both sides have won some elections and ruled the nation for a while, the Democratic Party has proved to be the best party so far because it has always considered and upheld the rights of all citizens of the US as well as fighting for democracy in the whole world, unlike the Republicans.
One noticeable difference between the republican and the democratic parties is the support on critical issues in the country such as gay marriage law, laws on taxation, health care, gun control, foreign policy, abortion, death policy and other critical issues that each political party’s stand has been considered (Kneeland, 2016). The Democrats had for a long time advocated and passed the Constitution on the legalization of the gay marriage which the Republicans have opposed (Frank, 2015). The Republicans have gone a step further even to push for the amendment of the constitution so that gay marriage can be banned from the United States of America. Abortion restriction is another area that the republican and the democrats have differed. The Democrats advocate for abortion whereas their Republican counterparts advocate for the limitation of this act and emphasize on alternatives to abortion.
The next difference is on taxation laws where the Democrats have supported the hiking of taxes among the wealthy and lowering the same for the middle class while the Republicans advocate for the tax cuts and low interests rate to boost the economy. Republicans also, support for the repeal of the death tax penalty all this stimulate a robust economy. Another area that the democrats and the republicans have been seen to differ is in the healthcare sector. The Democrats advocate for a federally funded healthcare programs, unlike the Republicans who support the privatization of the health services. Also, Republicans prefer imposition of caps on malpractice caps and a reformed healthcare to give the seniors more choices.
Another clear difference between the two political parties is in the immigration rules where the Democrats advocate for free movement of people across the nation and other countries of the world. On the side of the Republicans, they support secure borders and a system for tracking foreign travelers. On gun control, the democrats and the republicans have demonstrated a lot of deferment. For the Democrats, they advocate for strict gun control and oppose people from carrying some concealed weapons in public. On the republican’s side, they advocate for limited gun control and also support people to carry concealed weapons in public.
The death penalty has also been another area that the Republicans have been able to show their differences clearly. The Republicans strongly support the death penalty by a significant percentage whereas their Democratic counterparts; a large proportion oppose the penalty, but there is a small percentage that supports the death penalty. On the legal reforms, the Democrats oppose the tort reforms that limit the liabilities of businesses and doctors whereas the Republicans support these changes that restrict victim compensation.
Another sector of difference between these two political parties is the security and defense sector. The Republicans are known to believe in an active military and safety, supports the use of technology in the development of advanced weapon for the purpose of protecting the American nation and also believes in increasing the budget on defense and research because they have a belief that peace and stability are achieved by building a strong defense. On the other side, the Democrats believe in limited missile and other advanced technology in defense as well as oppose the building up of nuclear weapons in the US. The Democrats believe that peace is built by creating a good relationship worldwide.
In the education sector, the Republicans have also differed because the Democrats oppose vouchers or school choosing that is supported by the Republicans and they also support homeschooling. These two parties have also altered in the social security sector with the Democrats believing that social security is supposed to remain as an insurance plan for retirees by the federal government whereas the Republicans think that the social security insurance plans should be privatized.
On the issue of the economy, the Republicans have mainly supported free market competition, cutting of entitlement spending and also support entrepreneurship (Harris et al., 2014). This is achieved by encouraging people to start a business and employ themselves while the Democrats favor the minimum wages and progressive taxations where people depend on formal employment to raise income. These taxes for the Democrats are meant to be applied more for those who earn more as compared to those earning low wages. The Democrats believe by reducing the deficit between incomes; the economy will be stimulated as opposed to when the deficit was higher.
Another difference is the energy sector where the Democrats put more interests on the environment protection over the business and always want the federal land to be under the control of the government. This is different on the side of the Republicans as they support the privatization of land. On environmental protection, they believe that air pollution reduction should be based on the cap and trade market that should regulate itself. The other issue of difference is the energy sectors where the Republicans oppose the Kyoto treaty of energy and support the imposition of tax incentives for energy production whereas their democratic counterparts always look for energy sources and solutions that environmentally friendly.
The Democrats put high adherence to the separation of the state from the church and the promotion of a secular nation. This differs with their Republican counterparts who strongly associate religion with their party and state and advocate for a free religion exercise in the country (Glaesar et al., 2004). Both sides also disagree on the foreign policy and how the US is supposed to relate with other nations of the world. The Democrats support global coalitions firmly and other programs that run across many nations, help the disadvantaged countries through aids and also support the UN whereas the Republicans believe in spreading democracy, support UN reforms and are against nations that support terrorists since they believe that they are just like the terrorists themselves. On the job issue, the two parties have different preferences with the Democrats encouraging businesses so as to generate jobs within the country and not find employment overseas as well as supporting unions and advocating for the rights of the workers who earn low incomes. For the Republicans, small businesses are encouraged and also giving out tax incentives to businesses so that jobs can be generated. The two parties happen to have the same motive, but they approach the issue differently.
Another political issue where the two sides differ is on the expectations both parties have on the government in power. The Democrats believe that the government in authority should work so as to improve the live hood of every citizen. They seem to give the benefit of the doubt to every government program since they believe it is started with a noble purpose. On the other hand, the Republicans believe in competition and the success of the business for the improvement of every person’s life. They think that the government tampers with everything it deals with and therefore should be shrunk except for the sensitive organs such as the military and the police that it cannot tamper.
In conclusion, the republican and the democratic parties have different ideologies and governance policies that are parallel to what the other party believes. They happen to slightly have similar beliefs in some aspects of the sector of the economy, faith and religion and campaign regulation. With the above comparison, the Republicans have proved to be the most conservative on social issues like the support on gay marriage where they advocate for the marriage between a man and a woman and also oppose abortion (Kneeland, 2016) but support military power and gun ownership. The Democrats allow for the involvement of the people thus making up a consultative government that is preferred my many people in the United States of America.

References
Glaeser, E. L., Ponzetto, G. A. M., Shapiro, J., & National Bureau of Economic Research. (2004). Strategic extremism: Why republicans and democrats divide on religious values. Cambridge, Mass: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Frank, B. (2015). Frank: [a life in politics from the Great Society to same-sex marriage].
Harris, D. B., & Sandy-Bailey, L. H. (2014). The Republican Party: Documents decoded.
Kneeland, T. W. (2016). Today’s social issues: Democrats and Republicans.