When we talk about constitutional law, we are referring to all the fundamental principles and policies that govern the operations of the federal government and the laws of politics. Most of the constitutional laws are developed from supreme court rulings at the state and federal levels. The constitution defines the powers of the government and how it should operate. It also limits what the government and other political bodies can do. For instance, the constitution gives the government the power to tax citizens and spend the proceedings on building infrastructure and improving standards of living. It is also against constitutional law for the government to arrest a person without sufficient evidence. The constitution also sets out what laws may or may not be enforceable. This means that any bill passed at the state level must not violate constitutional laws.
In the United States, the constitution is the primary source of laws. It is viewed as the law of the federal government that defines the laws that each state can enact and which they cannot. The constitutional law mainly deals with relationships between various entities within the society, particularly the relationship between citizens and the federal government. The US constitution is, therefore, primarily concerned with the freedom, protection, and the rights of citizens.
The constitution of the United States establishes the three arms of government, the executive branch, the judiciary branch, and the legislative branch. It also sets out their powers and responsibilities. The legislature is the congress that comprises the House of Representatives and the senate, which are mandated with the role of making federal laws. The executive branch is basically the president, who has the power to suggest legislation and give final approval on bills. The judiciary is the Unites States Supreme Court, who has the role of interpreting the constitution and decide which laws are viable.
Interpretation of the Constitution
The constitution is short and vague and may appear like a straightforward document. However, the way it is applied has been subject to court interpretation, which has, in numerous occasions raised debates. In fact, much of constitutional laws relate to how the constitution is interpreted, as seen in court rulings. The interpretation has also been evolving and changing depending on the circumstances and public opinion. In some extreme cases, situations may call for the amendment of the constitution in order to keep up with the continuously changing values and beliefs of modern society.