Administrative or regulatory law is a branch of public law that is concerned with the creation and regulation of governmental agencies. It governs the operations of these agencies, including the procedures that they must follow when making rules and decisions.
There are two types of administrative law. The first one encompasses the rules and regulations which dictate how the agencies should apply the laws. While Congress creates laws, it does not specify precisely how the laws should be used. Instead, the government uses administrative agencies to administer these laws. The agencies are governed by these rules and regulations in administering and enforcing the laws. The second type of administrative law includes administrative decisions. The agencies are also allowed to make independent decisions concerning the most effective ways of implementing the laws, conduct hearings, and give independent opinions and judgments regarding an issue.
Government Administrative Agencies
Administrative agencies are assigned with the obligation of enforcing all regulatory laws. The United States Government is made up of numerous regulatory agencies at the federal level and the state level. These agencies act as agents of the executive branch of the US government with the primary function of protecting the citizens and ensuring the safety of the public at large.
There are various types of administrative agencies under the US government, all serving different functions. One popular agency is the Environment Protection Agency (EPA), which is primarily concerned with protecting the environment from harmful actions such as pollution. Another good example is the Federal Drug Administration (FDA), which is responsible for overseeing the safety of public health through the regulation and production of drugs, including vaccines, veterinary medicines, and medical devices. The Department of Homeland security is mandated with the responsibility of protecting US citizens against threats and violence.
At the sate level, administrative agencies comprise of various types of boards such as land planning boards, which are involved with various functions such as examining and establishing whether hoses have attained the mandatory standards.
The Administrative Procedure Act
The Administrative procedure act (APA) regulates the operations of the administrative agencies. Enacted in 1946, the act dictates how the agencies create their regulations and how they enforce the laws. According to the APA, governmental agencies must inform the public about their organizations, rules, and rules and regulations, involve the public in the process of creating these rules, and ensure that the standards employed in decision making are uniform. The act seeks to regulate how the agencies conduct themselves to ensure transparency in their work.